Soal Direct and Indirect Speech (Reported Speech)

Materi Reported Speech

Sekilas Reported Speech

Indirect speech atau reported speech merupakan cara mengutarakan pernyataan, perintah, undangan, permintaan atau pertanyaan orang lain (direct speech) dengan mengganti format perkataan tersebut agar menjadi lebih efisien bagi orang yang mendengarnya.

10 Contoh Soal Direct and Indirect Speech

Pilihlah reported speech untuk setiap direct speech di bawah ini.

  1. “Did they eat out together yesterday?”

    1. He asked me if they had eaten out together the day before.
    2. He asked me if they had eaten out together yesterday.
    3. He asked me if they has eaten out together the day before.
  2. “Don’t turn off the light now.”

    1. He told me didn’t turn off the light at that time.
    2. He told me not to turn off the light at that time.
    3. He told me don’t turn off the light at that time.
  3. “What’s your passion?”

    1. She wanted to know what is my passion.
    2. She wanted to know what my passion was.
    3. She wanted to know what was my passion.
  4. “I begin to understand the concept of biodiversity.”

    1. He said that he began to understand the concept of Biodiversity.
    2. He wanted to know if he began to understand the concept of Biodiversity.
    3. He asked me that he began to understand the concept of Biodiversity.
  5. “Your friend has just left.”

    1. He told me that my friend has just left.
    2. He told me that your friend had just left.
    3. He told me that my friend had just left.
  6. “Can I borrow your pencil for a moment?”

    1. She asked me whether she can borrow my pencil for a moment.
    2. She asked me whether she could borrow my pencil for a moment.
    3. She asked me if she can borrow my pencil for a moment.
  7. “Why are you staring at my feet?”

    1. He asked her why was she staring at his feet.
    2. He asked her why she is staring at his feet.
    3. He asked her why she was staring at his feet.
  8. “The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.”

    1. He asked if the sun rises in the east and sets in the west.
    2. He said that the sun rose in the east and set in the west.
    3. He said that the sun rises in the east and sets in the west.
  9. “I’m going to meet my penpal for the first time tomorrow.”

    1. She said she was going to meet her penpal for the first time the next day.
    2. She said she was going to meet my penpal for the first time tomorrow.
    3. She said she was going to meet her penpal for the first time tomorrow.
  10. “We have been here for a week.”

    1. They said they had been there for a week.
    2. They said they had been here for a week.
    3. They said we had been there for a week.

Jawaban

  1. a. He asked me if they had eaten out together the day before. | Direct speech berupa yes-no question dengan time reference “yesterday”. Time reference perlu diubah menjadi “the day before” atau” the previous day”.
  2. b. He told me not to turn off the light at that time. | Verb menjadi infinitive pada reporting commands (perintah).
  3. b. She wanted to know what my passion was. | Direct speech berupa wh- question (information request) –> pindahkan verb ke belakang subject (word order).
  4. a. He said that he began to understand the concept of Biodiversity. | Direct speech berupa statement (pernyataan) dengan verb simple present tense. Verb diubah menjadi simple past tense (penyampai berita fokus pada fakta bahwa pembicaraan merupakan past conversation).
  5. c. He told me that my friend had just left. | Verb present perfect tense disesuaikan menjadi past perfect tense.
  6. b. She asked me whether she could borrow my pencil for a moment. | Modal verb “can” (present) disesuakan menjadi “could” (past).
  7. c. He asked her why she was staring at his feet. | Verb present continuous tense pada direct speech menjadi past continuous tense pada reported speech.
  8. c. He said that the sun rises in the east and sets in the west. | Verb tidak berubah (menjadi past) karena pernyataan berupa general truth.
  9. a. She said she was going to meet her penpal for the first time the next day. | Time reference “tomorrow” disesuaikan menjadi “the next day” atau “the following day”.
  10. a. They said they had been there for a week. | “Here” pada direct speech diubah menjadi “there”.

Materi Reported Speech

Related Posts:

References:

  1. Reported Speech Quiz. http://esl.about.com/library/quiz/blgrquiz_reported1.htm. Accessed on December 19, 2013.
  2. Reported Speech 1. http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/grammar-reference/reported-speech-1. Accessed on December 19, 2013.
  3. Reported Speech. http://www.ccc.commnet.edu/sensen/part4/esltips/esl_reported.html. Accessed on December 19, 2013.
  4. Reported Questions. http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/grammar-reference/reported-questions. Accessed on December 19, 2013.
  5. Reported Speech. http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/rules/repspee.htm. Accessed on August 27, 2012.

Semoga bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.
Posted by Wilma Yulia
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91 thoughts on “Soal Direct and Indirect Speech (Reported Speech)”

  1. Thanks a lot. You make me more understand about this indirect speech. But, I think you have to add ‘that’ after the predicate, like ‘said’, in some answers.

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