Adjective vs. Adverb: Penjelasan dan Contoh Soal Bahasa Inggris

Adverb dan Adjective yang Berbentuk Sama

Banyak adverb (kata keterangan) diperoleh dengan menambahkan akhiran -ly dibelakang adjective (kata sifat), namun ada pula yang bentuknya sama persis dengan adjective, tanpa penambahan akhiran apapun.

Contoh Adverb:

  • early
  • far
  • fast
  • hard
  • little
  • monthly
  • outside
  • straight

Cara Membedakan Adverb dan Adjective yang Berbentuk Sama

Karena bentuknya yang sama persis, pembaca mungkin sedikit kesulitan untuk menentukan apakah kata yang berada di suatu kalimat itu merupakan adverb atau adjective. Adapun cara untuk membedakan keduanya dengan memperhatikan konteks dan fungsinya di dalam kalimat. Dalam hal ini, adjective menerangkan noun (adjective berada di depan noun = attributive adjective, atau di belakang noun dengan diselangi linking verb = predicative adjective), sedangkan adverb menerangkan verb (kata kerja), adjective, atau adverb lain.

Contoh Kalimat

  1. Her early baby was born before 34 weeks.
    (Bayi prematurnya lahir sebelum 34 minggu.) attributive adjective yang menerangkan “baby”
  2. Her first baby didn’t come early and neither did mine.
    (Anak pertamanya tidak lahir lebih awal dan saya juga tidak.) adverb menerangkan verb “come”
  3. He just bought a fast car.
    (Dia baru membeli sebuah fast car.) attributive adjective yang menerangkan “car”
  4. He rarely drives fast.
    (Dia jarang mengebut.) adverb menerangkan verb “drives”
  5. The kick was hard enough to break ribs.
    (Tendangan tersebut cukup kuat untuk mematahkan tulang rusuk.) predicative adjective setelah linking verb “was”
  6. I was curious how to kick a soccer ball hard.
    (Saya dulu penasaran bagaimana menendang bola dengan keras.) adverb menerangkan verb “kick”
  7. I plan to spend no more than 15% of my monthly income on housing.
    (Saya berencana untuk menghabiskan tidak lebih dari 15% dari pendapatan bulanan untuk rumah.) attributive adjective menerangkan noun “income”
  8. Should I pay monthly or fortnightly?
    (Sebaiknya saya membayar bulanan atau per dua minggu?) adverb menerangkan verb “pay”

Soal Adjective vs. Adverb

Tentukan apakah kata yang digaris bawah merupakan adjective atau adverb dengan mengetik a, b, c, atau d.

  1. She can't walk far.

    1. adjective
    2. adverb

    Your answer:

  2. They could reach the far side of the mountain.

    1. adjective
    2. adverb

    Your answer:

  3. Ovarian cancer in early stages is hard to detect.

    1. adjective, adjective
    2. adjective, adverb
    3. adverb, adjective
    4. adverb, adverb

    Your answer:

  4. The student needs to write more quickly.

    1. adjective
    2. adverb

    Your answer:

  5. My spouse brigthens my day in a lovely way.

    1. adjective
    2. adverb

    Your answer:

  6. Where did you buy the cut-price daily newspaper?

    1. adjective
    2. adverb

    Your answer:

  1. Katmandu Park is open daily.

    1. adjective
    2. adverb

    Your answer:

  2. Bobby acts silly in front of his friends sometimes.

    1. adjective, adjective
    2. adjective, adverb
    3. adverb, adjective
    4. adverb, adverb

    Your answer:

  3. He correctly answered of of these questions.

    1. adjective
    2. adverb

    Your answer:

  4. This method seems the most effective so far.

    1. adjective
    2. adverb

    Your answer:

  5. Getting angry at work, he went for a walk.

    1. adjective
    2. adverb

    Your answer:

  6. I wonder if I could speak English as well as you.

    1. adjective
    2. adverb

    Your answer:

Correct
Incorrect

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Lihat juga:

References:

  1. Adverb. http://grammar.about.com/od/ab/g/adverbterm.htm. Accessed on March 1, 2015.
  2. Adverbs: forms. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar/british-grammar/adverbs-forms. Accessed on March 1, 2015.
  3. Irregular adjectives and adverbs. http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/grammar/learnit/learnitv217.shtml. Accessed on March 1, 2015.
  4. Exercise : Adjective or Adverb Exercise 1. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/exercises/2/2/8. Accessed on May 5, 2016.
  5. Adverbs. http://www.ucl.ac.uk/internet-grammar/adverbs/ex1.htm. Accessed on May 5, 2016.
  6. Adjectives and Adverbs – Exercise 1. https://depts.dyc.edu/learningcenter/owl/exercises/adjectives_and_adverbs_ex1.htm. Accessed on May 5, 2016.
  7. Far. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/far. Accessed on May 5, 2016.
  8. Why is ovarian cancer difficult to detect in the early stages? https://www.sharecare.com/health/ovarian-cancer/why-ovarian-cancer-difficult-detect. Accessed on May 5, 2016.

8 thoughts on “Adjective vs. Adverb: Penjelasan dan Contoh Soal Bahasa Inggris

  1. Teguh dana prayuda  

    Saya boleh kasih saran….
    Kalau bisa masing2 pertanyaan diberi 4 opsi pilihan jawaban supaya menantang gitu….
    Ini hanya sekedar saran…..

    Tapi website kamu bagus dan bermanfaat….
    Sukses terus yah….

  2. Wilma Yulia  

    Makasih sarannya Teguh, bagus banget memang. Sejauh ini ada sebagian yang 4 ada yang 2 ya hahaha…kadang memang ada sih soal yang susah dibikin 4 pilihannya tapi bukannya tidak mungkin. Makasih juga ya apresiasinya..semoga kita semua sukses 🙂

  3. Zayn  

    Her first baby didn’t (came) early ?
    Bukannya abis auxiliary verb itu harus verb 1 ya ka ?

  4. Wilma Yulia  

    maaf saya salah Zayn, habis modal auxiliary seharusnya bare infinitive (infinitive tanpa to)

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