Pengertian dan Komponen Complex Noun Phrase

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Pengertian Complex Noun Phrase

Complex noun phrase adalah frasa kata benda yang disusun oleh beberapa komponen sehingga menjadikan frasa ini menjadi lebih rumit dibanding basic noun phrase. Komponen complex noun phrase yaitu: pre-modifier, head, dan post-modifier.

Lihat juga:

Komponen Complex Noun Phrase

Pre-modifier merupakan modifier yang ditempatkan sebelum head pada complex noun phrase. Modifier ini dapat digunakan secara lengkap maupun tidak. Adapun post-modifier merupakan modifier yang ditempatkan setelah head pada complex noun phrase. Post-modifier ini panjangnya tidak terbatas. Pre-modifier dan post-modifier dapat terdiri dari hal-hal sebagai berikut.

Macam Modifier Penjelasan dan Contoh Modifier
pre-modifier
determiner Dibedakan menjadi: predeterminer, central determiner, dan post determiner. Lihat detail di: basic noun phrase.
adverb (kata keterangan) very, too, soo
adjective (kata sifat) dapat digunakan lebih dari satu dengan mengacu pada urutan tertentu (adjective order): smart, messy, hot, etc
participle dapat present participle (drinking, sleeping, etc) atau past participle dimana berperan seperti adjective
noun (lain) berperan seperti adjective
post-modifier
adjective khusus untuk head berupa indefinite pronoun (someone, somebody, something) atau kasus tertentu (postpositive adjective)
prepositional phrase preposition + object of preposition: on the table, about you, from him, etc.
participle (phrase) present participle (standing beside the fireplace, driving with the lights on, etc) atau past participle (left without notice, stored away from chemicals, etc)
infinitive (phrase) to eat, to read, etc
relative clause who make me laugh, which is the oldest language, etc

Head pada complex noun phrase dapat berupa

  • noun (student, cat, job, sugar, cheese, tolerance, etc)
  • pronoun (umumnya hanya dapat ditambahkan post determiner)
  • number, yaitu: ordinal number (first, second, third, etc), general ordinal (next, last, previous,  subsequent, etc), atau cardinal numbers (hanya dapat ditambahkan post-determiner: one, two, ten, etc)
  • adjective (rich, poor, beautiful, etc)

Contoh Complex Noun Phrase

Contoh Complex Noun Phrase Keterangan
a very small school in this country that was built in 1980
  • premodifier “determiner” a + “adverb” very + “adjective” small
  • head “noun” school
  • post-modifier “prepositional phrase” in this country + “relative clause” that was build in 1980
something new to learn
  • head “pronoun” something
  • post-modifier “adjective” new + “infinitive” to learn
the first to finish the test
  • premodifier “determiner” the
  • head “number” first
  • post-modifier “infinitive phrase” to finish the test
students studying under the tree
  • head “noun” students
  • post-modifier “participial phrase” under the tree
The red sport car that I bought at the showroom that is located on Strawberry street that…
  • premodifier “determiner” the + “adjective” red + “noun” sport
  • head “noun” car
  • post-modifier “relative clause” that I bought at the showroom

Pages:

1 2 3

Table of Contents:

  1. Noun Phrase (Introduction)
  2. Basic Noun Phrase
  3. Complex Noun Phrase

References:

  1. Noun Phrase (NP). http://www.ucl.ac.uk/internet-grammar/phrases/np.htm. Accessed on October 29, 2012.
  2. The Function of Phrases. http://www.writingcentre.uottawa.ca/hypergrammar/phrfunc.html. Accessed on October 29, 2012.
  3. The Noun Phrase. http://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/articles/noun-phrase. Accessed on October 29, 2012.
  4. Complete Reference: The Noun Phrase. http://www.criticalreading.com/noun_phrase.htm. Accessed on October 29, 2012.
  5. The Noun Phrase. http://papyr.com/hypertextbooks/grammar/ph_noun.htm. Accessed on October 29, 2012.

Semoga bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.
Posted by Wilma Yulia

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