Cleft Sentence (It dan What) [Part 2]

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Rumus Cleft Sentence Menggunakan “what”

Cleft sentence yang menggunakan “what” sering digunakan untuk memberikan penekanan pada subject atau direct object.

What +/- Subject + Verb (Predicate) + Verb be + Focus

Keterangan:

  • Focus (yang diberi penekanan) pada cleft sentence berupa subject atau direct object.
  • Verb “be” atau linking verb dapat berupa “is” atau “are” pada present tense dan “was” atau “were” pada past tense. Number dari verb “be” mengikuti number pada focus. Is atau was jika singular (tunggal) dan are atau were jika plural (jamak).

Contoh Cleft Sentence Menggunakan “what”

Jika kita ambil contoh simple independent clause: My old friend looked for a beautiful handycraft. (Teman lamaku mencari sebuah kerajinan tangan yang cantik.) Maka cleft sentence yang memfokuskan pada object:

What my old friend looked for was a beautiful handycraft.

Atau versi inversinya:

A beautiful handycraft was what my old friend looked for.

Contoh lain: That today is his birthday is totally not right. (Bahwa hari ini ulang tahunnya adalah sangat tidak benar.)  Maka cleft sentence yang memfokuskan pada subject:

What totally not right is that today is his birthday.

Lebih Banyak Contoh Cleft Sentence:

Independent ClauseFocusContoh Cleft Sentence
I just bought some great books. (Saya baru membeli beberapa buku yang bagus.)ObjectWhat I just bought were some great books.
The story of Hellen Keller made him amazed. (Cerita Hellen Keller membuatnya takjub.)SubjectWhat made him amazed was the story of Hellen Keller.
The new construction worker didn’t know how to operate a backhoe. (Pekerja konstruksi baru tersebut tidak tau bagaimana mengoperasikan backhoe.)ObjectWhat the new construction worker didn’t know was how to operate a backhoe.

Pages:

page 1 | page 2

Table of Contents:

  1. Cleft Sentence
  2. Cleft Sentence Part 2

Related Posts:

References:

  1. Sentence pattern Transformations. http://www.towson.edu/ows/sentpatttrans.htm. Accessed on December 10, 2012.
  2. Creating Emphasis by Constructing Cleft Sentences .http://www.uhv.edu/ac/newsletters/writing/grammartip2008.07.08.htm. Accessed on December 10, 2012.
  3. Sentence Transformation! https://www.csun.edu/~bashforth/305_PowerPoints/GrammarPres/Grp3_SentTrans_CamillePranjaliSou_Rev1.ppt. Accessed on December 10, 2012.
  4. Strange Sentence Orders. http://homepages.uwp.edu/canary/grammar_text/91-clefts.html. Accessed on December 10, 2012.
  5. Cleft Sentences. http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/grammar/learnit/learnitv149.shtml. Accessed on December 10, 2012.

Semoga bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.
Posted by Wilma Yulia

2 thoughts on “Cleft Sentence (It dan What) [Part 2]”

    • My pleasure :)
      Did you find cleft sentences using who or whom? let me know where you found them and I’ll check them all.

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