Pengertian, Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat Adverbial Clause

Pengertian Adverbial Clause

Adverbial clause adalah dependent clause yang berfungsi sebagai adverb (kata keterangan) dan memberikan informasi tentang verb, adjective, atau adverb yang berada pada independent clause dengan kapasitasnya menjawab pertanyaan: howwhenwherewhy, atau to what degree. 

Adverbial clause dimulai dengan suatu kata yang disebut subordinate conjunction (when, after, because, though, etc). Kata ini berguna untuk menjembatani hubungan dengan independent clause yang diterangkan. Gabungan klausa ini dengan independent clause dinamakan dengan complex sentence (kalimat kompleks), yaitu kalimat yang terdiri dari independent dan satu atau lebih dependent clause.

Macam-macam adverbial clause antara lain: adverbial clause of time (waktu), place (tempat), cause & effect (sebab & akibat), purpose & result (tujuan & hasil), condition (pengandaian), contrast/consession (pertentangan), manner (cara), dan reason (alasan).

Contoh Adverbial Clause:

Complex SentenceKeterangan
When he cleaned the kitchen, he found a lot of expired food.
(Dia membersihkan dapur ketika dia menemukan banyak makanan kadaluarsa.)
When= subordinate conjunction;
When he cleaned the kitchen= adverbial clause;
he found a lot of expired food= independent clause

Rumus Adverbial Clause

Rumus complex sentence dan adverbial clause adalah sebagai berikut.

adverbial clauseComplex Sentence:

Independent Clause (S + V +/- …)* + Adverbial Clause

Adverbial Clause:

Subordinate Conjunction + S + V +/- …

*S + V +/- … = predicate

Punctuation (Tanda Baca) pada Adverbial Clause

Adverbial clause dapat berada di awal kalimat, kemudian diikuti oleh independent clause. Sebaliknya, independent clause dapat berada di awal kalimat, kemudian diikuti oleh adverbial clause. Jika berada di awal, diujung klausa ini diberi tanda baca koma.

Contoh Complex Sentence:

  • Di awal: Because I had free time, I visited your house.
  • Di akhir: I visited your house because I had free time. (Saya mengunjungi rumahmu karena saya punya waktu luang.)

Fungsi dan Contoh Kalimat Adverbial Clause

Fungsi dan contoh kalimat adverbial clause adalah sebagai berikut.

FungsiContoh Kalimat Adverbial ClauseKeterangan
memberikan informasi tentang verbYou were sleeping when she arrived.
(Dia tiba ketika kamu sedang tertidur.)
verb= were sleeping;
subordinate conjunction= when;
adverbial clause= when she arrived
memberikan informasi tentang adjectiveHer face is fresh because she always does exercise and eats fruits.
(Wajahnya segar karena dia selalu berolahraga dan makan buah-buahan.)
adjective= fresh;
subordinate conjunction= because;
adverbial clause= because she always does exercise and eats fruits
memberikan informasi tentang adverbHe drove fast in order that he could arrive on time.
(Dia mengemudi dengan cepat agar dia dapat tiba tepat waktu.)
adverb= fast;
subordinate conjunction= in order that;
adverbial clause= in order that he could arrive on time

Pages: 1 2 3 4

Table of Contents:

  1. Adverbial Clause
  2. Macam dan Contoh Adverbial Clause
  3. Reduced Adverbial Clause
  4. Reduced Adverbial Clause Part 2

Related Posts:

Semoga penjelasan materi adverbial clause ini bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.

References:

  1. Kinds of Sentences and Their Punctuation. http://www.towson.edu/ows/sentences.htm. Accessed on September 30, 2012.
  2. Dependent Clauses: Adverbial, Adjectival, Nominal. http://www.towson.edu/ows/advadjnomclause.htm. Accessed on October 5, 2012.
  3. Clauses: the Essential Building-Blocks. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/clauses.htm. Accessed on October 5, 2012.
  4. When/While Indicating time-relative activities. http://www.grammar-quizzes.com/adv_whenwhile.html. Accessed on December 12, 2012.
  5. Using Adverb Clause with Time Expressions. http://esl.about.com/od/grammaradvanced/a/adverb_clauses.htm. Accessed on May 31, 2013.
  6. Adverb Clause. http://grammar.about.com/od/ab/g/qdvclterm.htm. Accessed on May 31, 2013.

Posted by Wilma Yulia

8 thoughts on “Pengertian, Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat Adverbial Clause”

    1. Halo Zahra, maaf baru balas :(
      Iya rumusnya sama aja, cuma beda di subordinate conjunction-nya aja :)
      Btw maaf yg kmrn itu rumusnya krg lengkap, saya tambahkan rumusnya jadi: subordinate conjunction + S + V +/- … (S + V + … = predicate) –> Tentu aja kalo verb nya merupakan transitive verb butuh Object.

  1. wah, bagus ini “thanks for help” sangat membantu saya dalam memahami stucture :D
    thank’s alot Mrs.Wilma Yulia :)

  2. Kalau adverbials of time thu, contoh kata’y apa aja ? Apakah sprti : often,always,usually,etc ?t trmsuk adverb ? Mksh..

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