Pengertian, Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Soal Past Perfect Continuous

Pengertian Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Past perfect continuous tense adalah suatu bentuk kata kerja yang digunakan untuk mengungkapkan suatu aksi (dengan durasi waktu tertentu) telah selesai pada suatu titik waktu tertentu di masa lalu.

Lihat juga:

Rumus Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Past perfect continuous tense dibentuk dengan auxiliary verb had dan been dan present participle. Secara umum past perfect continuous tense hanya terjadi pada aksi berupa dynamic verb, tidak stative verb karena umumnya hanya dynamic verb yang memiliki bentuk continuous. [Baca: Stative Verb dengan Bentuk Progressive]

Dengan demikian rumus past perfect continuous tense untuk kalimat positif, negatif, dan interogatif adalah sebagai berikut.

Jenis KalimatRumusContoh Past Perfect Continuous Tense
positif
(+)
S + had + been + V1-ing/present participleLia had been walking
The labors had been demonstrating
negatif
(-)
S + had + not + been + V1-ing/present participleLia had not been walking
The labors hadn’t been demostrating
interogatif
(?)
had + S + been + V1-ing/present participleHad Lia been walking
Had the labors been demonstrating

Past Perfect Continuous TenseBeberapa Fungsi dan Contoh Kalimat Past Perfect Continuous Tense

FungsiContoh Kalimat Past Perfect Continuous Tense
Past perfect continuous tense untuk mengekspresikan aksi yang panjang di masa lampau sebelum aksi lainnya terjadi.When the guests came, we had been waiting for an hour.
(Ketika para tamu datang, kita telah menunggu selama satu jam.)
He had been standing in front of the door for thirthy minutes before it was opened.
(Dia telah berdiri di depan pintu selama tiga puluh menit sebelum dibukakan.)
Past perfect continuous tense untuk memberitahukan berapa lama sesuatu terjadi (period of time) atau sampai waktu tertentu di masa lampau.She was annoyed since she had been waiting for 2 hours on the bus station.
(Dia kesal karena telah menunggu selama 2 jam di halte bus.)
By the time the teacher came, the students had been reading a half part of the text.
(Pada waktu guru datang, para siswa telah membaca separuh bagian dari teks.)
I had been working with my computer all day, and all I wanted to do was eat some chocolate.
(Saya telah bekerja dengan komputer sepanjang hari, dan yang ingin saya lakukan adalah makan coklat.)

Exercises:

Semoga penjelasan materi past perfect continuous tense ini bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.

References:

  1. Past Perfect Progressive Tense. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/tenses/past_perfect_progressive.htm. Accessed on October 5, 2013.
  2. Grammar Handbook: Perfect and Progressive Verb Forms. http://www.cws.illinois.edu/workshop/writers/perfectforms/. Accessed on February 22, 2013.
  3. More Tenses. http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/rules/moreT.htm. Accessed on February 22, 2013.

Posted by Wilma Yulia

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24 thoughts on “Pengertian, Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat Past Perfect Continuous Tense”

  1. Contoh terakhir ../ all I wanted to do was eat some chocolate .. Kenapa ” was eat ” ya? Kl dgn kata ate saja bs tidak? Jd kalimatnya
    ” all I wanted to do ate some chocolate ”
    Maaf sebelumnya , belum mengerti.

    1. Wilma Yulia says:

      Hmmm mungkin itu bukan struktur grammar terbaik, tapi itu pilihan kata2 untuk speaking (normal didengar), kalo versi lengkapnya “All I wanted to do was (to) eat some chocolate”, nah “to” tidak disebutkan pada speaking karena dianggap redundant karena sudah ada infinitive sebelumnya “to do”. Lain kalo kalimatnya: “All I wanted is to eat some chocolate.”

      Lihat: https://www.englishforums.com/English/ToDoIsABareInfinitive/xlmk/post.htm
      http://forum.wordreference.com/threads/all-i-wanted-to-do-was-go-out-with-my-friends.2336469/
      http://forum.wordreference.com/threads/all-i-wanted-to-do-was-to-make-you-happy.2934374/

      Contoh sejenis:

      I had been working in the garden all day, and all I wanted to do was sleep. http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/rules/moreT.htm

      Kalo langsung “ate” saya rasa kurang terdengar normal saja… “semua yang saya inginkan makan…” kalo dijadiin passive: “beberapa coklat dimakan semua yang saya inginkan” :(

      Saya juga masih belajar Ulfa, mudah2an yang saya ungkapkan dari hasil baca-baca tidak salah :)

  2. Fafa Febianto says:

    Skarang di suru hafalan inggris tense ..eh malah ktiduran tdi malam
    Haduh bahaya mana pda nlom apal

    1. Wah saya telat..tapi saya harap tadi lancar ya :)

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