Pengertian, Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat Past Continuous Tense

Soal Past Continuous Tense

Pengertian Past Continuous Tense

Past continuous tense atau past progressive tense adalah suatu bentuk kata kerja yang digunakan untuk menyatakan bahwa suatu aksi sedang terjadi pada waktu tertentu di masa lampau. Aksi tersebut telah dimulai tapi belum selesai pada saat itu.

Lihat juga:

Rumus Past Continuous Tense

Past continuous tense dibentuk dengan auxiliary verb “be”, berupa was/were – karena past tense (masa lalu),  dan present participleWas untuk singular subject (I, she, he, it, dan kata ganti orang ketiga) dan were untuk plural subject (you, they, we, orang ketiga jamak).

Tense ini umumnya hanya terjadi pada aksi berupa dynamic verb, tidak stative verb karena secara umum hanya dynamic verb yang memiliki bentuk continuous.

Lihat juga:

Jenis KalimatRumusContoh
positif
(+)
S + be (was/were) + present participle (v-ing)The team was running
The workers were queuing
negatif
(-)
S + be (was/were) + not + present participle (v-ing)The team was not running
The workers weren’t queuing
interogatif
(?)
be (was/were) + S + present participle (v-ing)?Was the team running
Were the workers queuing

Past Continuous TenseBeberapa Fungsi dan Contoh Kalimat Past Continuous Tense

FungsiContoh kalimat
Past continuous tense untuk mengindikasikan suatu aksi yang terjadi selama momen tertentu di masa lampau.I was shopping at this time yesterday.
(Saya sedang belanja pada jam ini kemarin.)
What was she doing at 5 am this morning?
(Apa yang sedang dia lakukan jam 5 pagi ini?)
They were roasting corn at this time last night.
(Mereka sedang membakar jagung pada jam ini kemarin malam.)
I was doing physically exercises all day yesterday.
(Saya sedang melakukan latihan-latihan fisik sepanjang hari kemarin.)
Untuk menunjukkan bahwa ada aksi berdurasi pendek (simple past tense) yang terjadi ketika suatu aksi berdurasi panjang (past continuous tense) sedang berlangsung. Subordinate conjunction “when” atau “while” dapat digunakanShe was sleeping when you called her.
(Dia sedang tidur ketika kamu meneleponnya.)
The door was knocked while I was studying.
(Pintu diketuk ketika saya sedang belajar.)
Past continuous tense digunakan untuk mengolok-olok atau mengkritik aksi yang terjadi pada interval acak namun sebenarnya merupakan kebiasaan alami.The girl was always yelling out loud.
(Anak itu selalu menjerit keras-keras.)
My neighbor was always chasing stray cats off with his broom.
(Tetangga saya selalu mengusir kucing-kucing liar dengan sapunya.)

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Table of Contents:

  1. Past Continuous Tense
  2. Passive Voice – Past Continuous Tense
  3. Yes-No Question Past Continuous
  4. Wh- Question Past Continuous Tense

Exercises:

Semoga penjelasan materi past continuous tense ini bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.

References:

  1. Past Progressive. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/tenses/past_progressive.htm.  Accessed on February 16, 2013.
  2. Past Continuous Tense. http://www.stanford.edu/~kenro/Edu208/GrammarUnits/pastcontinousUnit.html.  Accessed on February 16, 2013.
  3. The Past Continuous Tense. http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/rules/pastcont.htm.  Accessed on February 16, 2013.
  4. Verb Tenses. http://faculty.washington.edu/marynell/grammar/verbtenses.html.  Accessed on February 16, 2013.
  5. Verbs with Helpers. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/601/05/.  Accessed on February 16, 2013.

Posted by Wilma Yulia (Ms.)

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64 thoughts on “Pengertian, Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat Past Continuous Tense”

  1. Makasi penjelasan nya ka :)

    1. Wilma Yulia says:

      sama-sama Alfiyah ^^

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