Pengertian, Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat Conditional Sentence Type 2

Soal Conditional type 2

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Pengertian Conditional Sentence Type 2

Conditional sentence type 2 atau second conditional adalah conditional sentence yang digunakan ketika result / consequence (hasil) dari condition (syarat) tidak memiliki atau hanya sedikit kemungkinan untuk terwujud karena condition-nya tidak mungkin dipenuhi dimasa sekarang (present unreal situation) atau condition-nya sulit untuk dipenuhi di masa depan (unlikely to happen).[ton]

Rumus Conditional SentenceType 2

Conditional Sentences type 2Berikut rumus conditional sentence type 2.

if + condition, result/consequence
if + simple past, would/could/might + bare infinitive

atau tanpa menggunakan comma (,):

result/consequence + if + condition
would/could/might + bare infinitive + if + simple past

Negatif if + condition

Rumus: if…not dapat digantikan dengan unless.

Were Menggantikan Was

Pada conditional sentence type 2, were digunakan menggantikan was meskipun subjek yang digunakan merupakan pronoun: she, he, it, maupun kata benda tunggal. Hal ini untuk menunjukkan bahwa pengandaiannya benar-benar hanya berupa khayalan semata karena tidak condition-nya tidak mungkin dipenuhi (present unreal situation).

if + condition, result/consequence
if + S + were, would (could/might) + bare infinitive

Contoh Kalimat Conditional Sentence Type 2

Beberapa contoh kalimat conditional type 2 dapat dilihat pada tabel sebagai berikut di bawah ini.

Kal.Contoh Kalimat Conditional Sentence type 2Fact
(+)If it rained tomorrow, I would sleep all day. (Jika besok hujan, saya akan tidur sepanjang hari.)but I don’t have much hope it will rain (tapi saya tidak punya cukup keyakinan bahwa besok akan hujan)
If Nisa studied hard, she would pass. (Jika Nisa belajar keras, dia akan lulus.)but Nisa doesn’t study hard (tapi Nisa tidak belajar keras.)
If I had much money, I would buy a sport car. (Jika saya punya banyak uang, saya akan membeli sebuah mobil sport.)but I don’t have much money (tapi saya tidak punya banyak uang)
If I were a millionaire, I would donate my money to charity. (Jika saya seorang millionaire, saya akan mendonasikan uang saya untuk amal.)but I’m not a millionaire (tapi saya bukan seorang milioner)
(-)If Nisa studied hard, she wouldn’t fail. (Jika Nisa belajar keras, dia tidak akan gagal.)
If Nisa didn’t study hard, she would fail. atau Unless Nisa studied hard, she would fail. (Jika Nisa tidak belajar keras, dia akan gagal.)
If I were a millionaire, I wouldn’t donate my money to charity.
(?)If Nisa studied hard, would she pass?
If you had much money, would you buy a sport car?
If you were a millionaire, would you donate my money to charity?

Inverted Word Order pada Conditional Sentence Type 2

Inverted word order berarti verb muncul sebelum subject. Kondisi ini dapat terjadi pada conditional clause dengan menghilangkan kata “if” dan menukar posisi subject dan verb. Contohnya adalah sebagai berikut.

NormalInverted
If I (S) were (V) the shopkeeper, I would give you discounts. (Jika saya pemilik toko, saya akan memberimu potongan harga.)Were (V) I (S) the shopkeeper, I would give you discounts.

Soal Conditional Sentence type 2

Pages: 1 2 3 4 5

Table of Contents:

  1. Conditional (Intro)
  2. Conditional type 0
  3. Conditional type 1
  4. Conditional type 2
  5. Conditional type 3

Related Posts:

Semoga penjelasan materi conditional sentence type 2 ini bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.

References:

  1. First, Second, & Third Conditional. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/conditional2.htm. Accessed on April 10, 2013.
  2. Conditional Verb Forms. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/conditional.htm. Accessed on December 10, 2012.
  3. Conditionals. http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/rules/cond.htm. Accessed on April 10, 2013.
  4. Conditional Sentences. http://faculty.deanza.edu/flemingjohn/stories/storyReader$18. Accessed on April 10, 2013.

Posted by Wilma Yulia

3 thoughts on “Pengertian, Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat Conditional Sentence Type 2”

  1. Thanks for this article….. (≧▽≦)/~┴┴

    1. My pleasure Dindin… :)

  2. Thank you very much for sharing this article… ツ

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