Pengertian, Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat Causative Verb

Soal Causative Verb

Pengertian Causative Verb

Causative verb adalah kata kerja yang digunakan untuk menunjukkan bahwa subject tidak bertanggungjawab langsung terhadap aksi yang terjadi melainkan seseorang atau sesuatu yang lain yang melakukan aksi tersebut.

Fungsi & Rumus Causative Verbs

  • Kalimat causative verb terbagi menjadi 2 macam, yaitu active (aktif) dan passive (pasif). Pada kalimat active causative verb, agent yang mengerjakan aksi diketahui. causative verbSebaliknya, pada kalimat passive causative verb, agent biasanya tidak disebutkan.
  • Let, make, have, & get merupakan causative verb yang umum digunakan, ada yang menggunakan action verb berupa bare infinitive (infinitive without to) dan ada pula yang to infinitive.

Adapun fungsi dan rumus secara umum sebagai berikut.

VerbFungsiRumus Active & Passive Causative
Letmembiarkan seseorang melakukan sesuatu.Active:
S + let + agent + action verb (bare infinitive) + …
Makememaksa atau sangat menyakinkan seseorang untuk melakukan sesuatuActive:
S + (make-made) + agent + action verb (bare infinitive) + …
Havemenginginkan seseorang mengerjakan sesuatu untuk subjekActive:
S + (have-had) + agent + action verb (bare infinitive) + object
Passive:
S + (have-had) + object + action verb (V-3)
Getmirip dengan have namun dengan struktur kalimat yang berbedaActive:
S + (get-got) + agent + action verb (to infinitive) + …
Passive:
S + (got) + object + action verb (V-3)

Contoh Causative Verbs: Active dan Passive

Beberapa contoh causative verb pada struktur active maupun passive adalah sebagai berikut.

RumusVerbsContoh Causative Verbs
Active Causative Verbshave-hadLala had her friend take her result test.
The student had the teacher speak slowly.
get-gotShe got her parents to buy her a tennis racket.
The boy got his cat to chase a mouse.
make-madeThe woman made her daughter eat up the tomatoes.
The manager makes her staff work hard.
letMy father lets me choose my own future carrier.
The shepherd lets his sheep graze in the meadow.
Passive Causative Verbshave-hadI had my house renovated last week.
He had his book returned as soon as possible.
get-gotTeddy got the money saved in the bank.
Yulia got her bedroom cleaned.

Soal Causative Verb

Related Posts:

Semoga penjelasan materi causative verbs ini bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.

References:

  1. Causative Verbs. http://esl.about.com/od/grammarstructures/a/causative.htm. Accessed on May 28, 2013.
  2. Causative Verb. http://grammar.about.com/od/c/g/causativeverbterm.htm. Accessed on December 1, 2013.
  3. Causative Verbs. http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/encomium/writingdemo/wa/gs/gs_30.htm.‎
  4. The Causative. http://international.ouc.bc.ca/chalkntalk/causative/.‎
  5. Let/Make/Have/Get. http://www.englishpage.com/minitutorials/let.html.

Posted by Wilma Yulia

4 thoughts on “Pengertian, Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat Causative Verb”

  1. Perbedaan have dan had di kalimat aktif apa ya?

    1. Tense nya Febe… have digunakan pada present tense sedangkan had pada past tense :)

  2. Thanks … benar2 membantu

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