Pengertian, Penggunaan dan Contoh Kalimat Auxiliary Verbs

Soal Modal Auxiliary Verbs

Pengertian Auxiliary Verb

Auxiliary verb adalah kata kerja yang muncul sebelum main/lexical verb (kata kerja utama) di dalam suatu kalimat untuk memodifikasi makna dari kata kerja utama tersebut. Tidak seperti kata kerja utama, helping atau auxiliary verb tidak mempunyai arti sendiri.

Kata kerja pembantu ini terdiri dari primary (be, do, have) dan modal auxiliary verb (can, could, may, might, will, would, shall, should, must, ought to).

Kombinasi Auxiliary Verb

Sebuah kata kerja utama dapat dilengkapi sampai tiga auxiliary verb dimana terdiri dari modal dan satu atau dua primary auxiliary verb. Contoh kombinasi pada kata kerja ini dapat dilihat pada tabel sebagai berikut.

auxiliary verbsContoh Kombinasi Antar Auxiliary Verb:

  • The children should have slept. (modal: should, primary: have; Present Perfect Tense)
  • The book has been read. (primary: has, been;
    Passive-Present Perfect Tense)
  • I have been driving for an hour. (primary: have, been; Present Perfect Continuous Tense)
  • I will have been sleeping. (modal: will, primary: have, been; Future Perfect Continuous Tense)

Primary Auxiliary Verb


Primary Auxiliary Verb
 terdiri dari be, do, dan have. Ketiga kata kerja ini dapat pula berfungsi sebagai kata kerja utama.

Tabel Penggunaan dan Contoh Be, Do, & Have

Penggunaan dan contoh kalimat primary auxiliary verb be, do, dan have dapat dilihat pada tabel sebagai berikut.

Auxiliary VerbPenggunaanContoh Kalimat Auxiliary Verb
Be
(am, is, are, was, were, be, being, been)
Auxiliary verb “be” untuk membentuk present/past continuous/progressive tense. Kemudian dapat pula ditambahkan modal will untuk membentuk future continuous.The maid is brushing the bathroom floor. (Present Continuous)
They were roasting corns at this time last night. (Past Continuous)
The party will be starting at this time tomorrow. (Future Continuous)
Be bersama auxiliary have membentuk present/past perfect continuous/progressive tense. Dapat pula ditambahkan modal will untuk membentuk future perfect continuous.The manager has been checking the documents. (Present Perfect Cont.)
The cat will have been sleeping long. (Future Perfect Cont.)
Be untuk membentuk passive voiceYour cake is being eaten by him. (Passive Present Cont.)
The room was cleaned by my assistant last night. (Passive Past Tense)
Do
(do, does, did)
Auxiliary verb “do” untuk memberikan penekanan pada kalimat indicative (normal) maupun
imperative, dan adverb of frequency.
I do finish my homework.
Do open the door.
Tina seldom does wash her shoes by herself.
Do untuk mengajukan pertanyaan (question tag[1], Yes-No[2], dan Wh-question[3]). Dapat pula digunakan untuk mengajukan clarifying question[4] (pertanyaan klarifikasi) berhubungan negative statement (pernyataan negatif) sebelumnya.You do love me, don’t you?[1]
Did you see him yesterday?[2]
What does she want from you?[3]
“Diana didn’t have much money.”
“Then who did lend it me?”[4]
Auxiliary verb ini bersama not untuk membentuk kalimat negatifI do not like coffee.
She didn’t come last night.
Do untuk membuat short answer (jawaban pendek)Yes, I do.
Yes, she does.
Auxiliary verb ini dipadukan dengan conjunction so dan neither untuk mengekspresikan similarity (persamaan) dan differences (perbedaan).My brother loves sport and so do I.
I don’t want to spend my money unwisely; neither does my friend.
Have
(have, has, had)
Auxiliary verb “have” untuk membentuk perfect tenseDira has studied in French since April. (Present Perfect)
I had already had breakfast by the time he picked me up. (Past Perfect)
Have dikombinasikan dengan modal untuk mengekspresikan possibility (kemungkinan) dimasa lalu.He might have realized his mistakes.
My father may have read this book.

Pages: 1 2 3 4 5 6

Table of Contents:

  1. Primary Auxiliary Verb
  2. Modal Auxiliary Verb (can, could, may, might)
  3. Modal Auxiliary Verb (will, would, shall, should, must, ought to)
  4. Phrasal Modal
  5. Kombinasi Modal Verb dengan Phrasal Modal
  6. Perfect Modal

Exercises:

Related Posts:

Semoga penjelasan materi auxiliary verb ini bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.

References:

  1. Helping and Modal Auxiliary Verbs. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/auxiliary.htm. Accessed on October 10, 2012.
  2. Helping Verb. http://grammar.about.com/od/fh/g/helpverbterm.htm. Accessed on October 10, 2012.
  3. Notes on “Do”. http://grammar.about.com/od/irregularverbs/a/Notes-On-Do.htm. Accessed on October 10, 2012.
  4. Helping Verbs. http://www.englishclub.com/grammar/verbs-what_classification-helping.htm. Accessed on October 10, 2012.
  5. The Auxiliary Verb. http://www.chompchomp.com/terms/auxiliaryverb.htm. Accessed on October 10, 2012.

Posted by Wilma Yulia

19 thoughts on “Pengertian, Penggunaan dan Contoh Kalimat Auxiliary Verbs”

  1. terimakasih kak udah di share..
    mudengin dan ringan..
    mbantu banget buat tugas sekolah..
    keep moving forward dan sukses selalu ^^

  2. saya mau bertanya nh mas, kalau mau mahir mulai dari pelajaran mana dulu ya mas ??
    sebelumnya terima kasih mas atas artikelnya , very helpfull my problem ^^

    1. Sama2 Tauchid.. makasi juga sudah berkunjung. Coba lihat ini:

      Parts of speech: http://www.wordsmile.com/parts-of-speech
      Sentence Patterns: http://www.wordsmile.com/sentence-pattern-pola-kalimat
      Phrases: http://www.wordsmile.com/pengertian-macam-dan-contoh-phrase
      Clauses: http://www.wordsmile.com/pengertian-macam-dan-contoh-clause
      Sentence Types: http://www.wordsmile.com/sentence-types-tipe-tipe-kalimat
      Tenses: http://www.wordsmile.com/tenses-introduction

      Itu sebagian besar halaman2 intro. Kamu bisa stop disitu kalo sudah paham topik tsb atau menelusuri halaman2 yg dirujuk oleh intro2 tsb.

      Semoga bisa memberimu gambaran :)

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