Pengertian, Penggunaan dan Contoh Kalimat Gerund

Soal Gerund vs Infinitive

Pengertian Gerund

Gerund adalah suatu kata yang dibentuk dari verb dengan ditambahkan suffix -ing dan berfungsi sebagai noun. Walaupun berfungsi sebagai noun namun masih bertingkah seperti verb jika berada di dalam frasanya (gerund phrase), seperti: diikuti direct object jika gerund berasal dari transitive verb atau dibatasi maknanya dengan adverb.

Kata ini merupakan verbal, yaitu suatu kata yang dibentuk dari kata kerja, namun berfungsi sebagai part of speech lain. Verbal yang lain yaitu infinitive dan participle. Seperti verbal lainnya, kata ini lebih umum untuk menamai action (aksi) atau state of being (keadaan).

Contoh Gerund:

gerund

Penggunaan dan Contoh Gerund

Beberapa penggunaan dan contoh kalimat gerund sebagai berikut.

Penggunaan GerundContoh Kalimat Gerund
Subject
of a Sentence
Binging is a phase frequently done by a bulimic.
Running may be hard for some people.
Direct
Object
I hate waiting.
They enjoy his singing.
Subject
Complement
My bestfriend’s favorite activity is shopping.
Object
of a Preposition
They disscussed an article about telling the truth.
The manager scolded the worker for removing some substantial data.
AppositiveHis hobby, sailing, takes a lot of time.
My bestfriend’s favorite activity, shopping, has made her spend much money.

Verb yang Diikuti Gerund

Verb yang diikuti oleh gerund dapat berupa verb tanpa tambahan agent atau dengan tambahan agent. Detail dan contohnya dalam kalimatnya adalah sebagai berikut.

KondisiContoh VerbContoh Kalimat Gerund
Tanpa tambahan agentacknowledge, admit, advise, anticipate, appreaciate, avoid, begin, celebrate, consider, continue, deny, discuss, dislike, endure, enjoy, finish, forget, give up, hate, help, practice, prefer, recommend, regret, remember, start, stop, teach, understand I hate working with him.
The student has finished studying.
Perlu tambahan agenthear, watch, seeWe heard him singing the song. (him= agent)
I saw the man walking on the street. (the man= agent)

Beberapa expression juga dapat diikuti oleh verbal ini, yaitu: worthrather than, dan instead of.

ExpressionContoh Kalimat
WorthIt is worth reading the book.
Rather thanI prefer to sleep rather than going to the party.
Instead ofInstead of paying the baggage fees, she will only carry a small backpack.

Soal Gerund vs Infinitive

Pages: 1 2 3 4

Table of Contents:

  1. Gerund
  2. Gerund Phrase
  3. Gerund vs Infinitive
  4. Gerund vs Present Participle

Related Posts:

Semoga penjelasan materi gerunds ini bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.

References:

  1. Gerunds. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/owlprint/627/.
  2. Gerunds and Infinitives: Their Noun Roles. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/gerunds.htm.
  3. Verbs That Take Gerund and Infinitive Completers. http://www.ccc.commnet.edu/sensen/part4/gerund.html.
  4. Gerund. http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/rules/gerund.htm.
  5. Gerunds and Infinitives. Some Important Rules. http://cfl.ctu.edu.vn/learning/grammar/grammar%20resource/FC_GerundInfinMM1.doc.
  6. Gerunds. http://www.sass.uottawa.ca/writing/kit/grammar-gerunds.pdf.
  7. Verbal Noun. http://grammar.about.com/od/tz/g/verbalnounterm.htm. Accessed on August 18, 2014.
  8. The Gerund. http://www.chompchomp.com/terms/gerund.htm.

Posted by Wilma Yulia

36 thoughts on “Pengertian, Penggunaan dan Contoh Kalimat Gerund”

  1. Hy Wilma
    Thank you so much for helping me ! I can do my final semester test in my college and also improve my skill include speaking, grammar and writing

    1. My pleasure Alif. I’m so glad to hear that you could do your final test and improve your skills as well. Keep your spirit up when learning English! :)

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