Pengertian, Macam, dan Contoh Kalimat Determiner

Pengertian Determiner

Determiner adalah kata atau kelompok kata yang ditempatkan di depan noun untuk membatasi makna noun tersebut. Di traditional grammar, determiner sering disebut limiting adjective, walaupun berbeda maknanya dengan adjective biasa. Jika sama-sama berada di dalam noun phrase, limiting adjective akan berada di depan adjective biasa. 

Determiner terdiri dari article, quantifier, possessive, dan demonstrative determiner.

General dan Specific Determiner

Berada di depan suatu noun, determiner menentukkan apakah noun phrase yang dibentuknya bersifat general atau specific. General noun phrase dapat dibentuk dari general determiner, sedangkan specific noun phrase dari specific determiner.

Penjelasan DeterminerContoh Kalimat Determiner
General Determiner
indefinite article (a atau an): membicarakan suatu hal secara umum dimana pendengar/pembaca tidak tau pasti yang mana yang dimaksudkanHe is looking for a job in Bali.
(Dia sedang mencari pekerjaan di Bali.)
quantifier (many, few, little, some, any): menyatakan jumlahPlease give me a little water.
(Tolong beri saya sedikit air.)
distributive (all, every, both)All your books are on the table.
(Semua bukumu di atas meja.)
difference word (other, another): membicarakan tambahan orang, benda,
atau hal
May I have another shoes?
(Bolehkah saya mendapatkan sepatu yang lain?)
Specific Determiner
definite article (the): membicarakan noun yang diyakini pembaca/pendengar paham yang dimaksudkanDid he enjoy the show?
(Apa dia menikmati pertunjukkan tersebut?)
demonstrative adjective (this, that, these, those): menerangkan noun dalam hal jarak dan/atau jumlahThose apples are so red.
(Apel-apel itu sangat merah.)
possessive adjective (my, your, his, her, its, our, dan their): menunjukkan kepemilikanYour jacket is in the laundry basket.
(Jaketmu di dalam keranjang cucian.)

Penggunaan General Determiner

General determiner mungkin dipadukan dengan singular/plural countable noun atau uncountable noun dengan rumus sebagai berikut.

RumusGeneral DeterminerContoh Noun Phrase
general determiner + singular countable nouna & an (indefinite articles)a book, an apple
another (difference word)another man
any, no (quantifier)any report, no journey
each, every, neither (distributive)each pair, every student, neither spoon (nor fork)
determiner + plural countable nounall, both (distributive)all books, several magazines
some, any, no, many, few, several (quantifier)some people, any new books, no jobs, many clothes, few activities
other (difference words)other tasks
enough, more, mostenough dollars, more tips, most batteries
determiner + uncountable nounall (distributive)all furniture
some, any, no, little, less, much (quantifier)some paper, any time, no money, little information, less sugar, much coffee
more, most, enoughmore advice, most cheese, enough money

Soal Few vs. Little

Soal Many vs. Much
Soal Possessive Adjective

Pages: 1 2

Table of Contents:

  1. Determiner
  2. The Ordering of Determiners: Pre, Central, and Post Determiners

Related Posts:

Semoga tulisan determiner ini bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.

References:

  1. Determiners, http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/words/determiners. Accessed on May 29, 2014.
  2. Determiners and Quantifiers. http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/english-grammar/determiners-and-quantifiers. Accessed on June 3, 2014.
  3. Determiner. http://grammar.about.com/od/d/g/determterm.htm. Accessed on May 29, 2014.
  4. Determiners. http://www.ucl.ac.uk/internet-grammar/determin/determin.htm. Accessed on June 2, 2014.
  5. Determiners. http://www.englishclub.com/grammar/adjectives-determiners.htm. Accessed on May 29, 2014.

Posted by Wilma Yulia

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