Pengertian dan Contoh Kalimat Transitive dan Intransitive Verb

Pengertian Transitive dan Intransitive Verb

Transitive verb adalah kata kerja yang diikuti direct object untuk menerima aksi (contoh: hit, touch, buy) dari subject. Sebaliknya, Intransitive verb adalah kata kerja yang tidak diikuti oleh direct object sebagai penerima aksi (contoh: arrive, go, cry) karena memang aksi yang dilakukan tidak melibatkan direct object.

Tanpa direct object, makna kalimat dengan transitive verb akan terdengar janggal, sedangkan makna kalimat dengan intransitive verb telah dapat ditangkap dengan baik.

Lebih Dalam

Jawaban dari pertanyaan “what” dan “whom” yang berupa object, bisa didapatkan dari kalimat yang menggunakan transitive verb.

Contoh Kalimat Transitive Verb:

  • After practicing for an hour, the player can hit the tennis ball over the net –> What can the player hit over the net? The tennis ball.
  • The student should return the book a week ago –> Whom should the student return a week ago? The book.

transitive and intransitive verbsIntransitive verb mungkin diikuti adjective, adverb, dan/atau prepositional phrase. Karena tidak mempunyai direct object, intransitive verb tidak memiliki passive form.

Contoh Kalimat:

  • The girl filled the basket with a thousand of candies –> filled = transitive verb, passive form = The basket were filled by the girl with a thousand of candies.
  • The worker always come on time –> come = intransitive verb, passive form = -

Banyak kata kerja dapat menjadi transitive maupun intransitive tergantung pada konteks kalimatnya.

Contoh Kata Kerja = Transitive = Intransitive:

  • To lose her weight, Diana doesn’t eat after seven p.m. intransitive verb
  • My family eats organic rice. transitive verb

Contoh Intransitive dan Transitive Verb

Berikut beberapa contoh kalimat intransitive dan transitive verb.

Keterangan:

  • verb = bold
  • direct object = italic
Kata KerjaContohContoh Kalimat Transitive/Intransitive Verb
Transitive Verbask, bring, buy, clean, explain, kick, learn, paint, sell, want, writeI have painted my walls in broken white.
(Saya telah mengecat dnding-dinding dengan warna putih gading.)
She wanted a bag with low price but high quality.
(Dia ingin sebuah tas dengan harga rendah tapi kualitas tinggi.)
The boy kicked the ball toward the goal.
(Anak lelaki itu menendang bola ke arah gawang.)
Intransitive Verbarrive, come, die, go, lie, sneeze, sit, workMany city park’s visitors are sitting on the grass.
(Banyak pengunjung taman kota sedang duduk di atas rumput.)
If you arrive late, I’ll go to the bookstore without you.
(Jika kamu tiba terlambat, saya akan pergi ke toko buku tanpamu.)
Cheryl often sneezes while cleaning the warehouse.
(Cheryl sering bersin ketika sedang membersihkan gudang.)
She looked annoyed when her friends came to her house.
(Dia tampak terganggu ketika teman-temannya datang ke rumah.)
Transitive
atau
Intransitive Verb
eat, runThe man has run his business since 1988.
(run = transitive, business = direct object)
Adventurers must run through the jungle before night.
(run = intransitive)

Pages: 1 2 3 4 5

Table of Contents:

  1. Transitive dan Intransitive Verbs
  2. Ditransitive Verb (Direct dan Indirect Object)
  3. Factitive Verb (Direct Object dan Complement)
  4. Reflexive Verb (Direct Object berupa Reflexive Pronoun)
  5. Delexical Verb (Empty Verb dengan Struktur Transitive)

Related Posts:

Semoga penjelasan materi transitive dan intransitive verb ini bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.

References:

  1. Transitive and Intransitive Verbs. http://www.mit.edu/course/21/21.guide/v-t-it.htm. Accessed on September 27, 2012.
  2. Verbs. http://www.english.iup.edu/special/projects/grammar/grammar_files/page0008.htm. Accessed on September 27, 2012.
  3. Understanding Verbs: Transitive versus Intransitive. http://www.uhv.edu/ac/efl/pdf/verbstransitive.pdf. Accessed on September 27, 2012.
  4. Transitive and Intrasnitive Verbs. http://www.sjsu.edu/writingcenter/docs/handouts/Transitive_Intransitive_Verbs.pdf. Accessed on September 27, 2012.
  5. Verbs. http://www.towson.edu/ows/verbs.htm. Accessed on September 28, 2012.

Posted by Wilma Yulia

10 thoughts on “Pengertian dan Contoh Kalimat Transitive dan Intransitive Verb”

  1. Masih kurang ngerti kk ,,,, :(
    yang Transitive dgan yg Intransitive nya ,,,,,,,

    1. Bagian mana Lisbeth yang kurang ngerti? :)

  2. Hai, Kak! Pas banget ada tugas and this is really awesome! Thanks for the help! :)

    1. You’re welcome Yasmine. Semoga tugas kamu nilainya bagus ya.. :D

  3. thnks so much Wilma for your information..I hope I can be an expert on the English language.. :)

    1. You’re welcome Say. :)
      Great! I hope you be the expert.

  4. Maaf, masih ga ngertin dengan direct object dab indirect object :)

    1. Oh iya sorry ya, baru saya buat link ke tulisan tentang direct & indirect object. Disitu kamu bisa baca penjelasan panjang lebarnya. :)

      Singkatnya, direct object (DO) adalah noun, pronoun, atau noun subsitute yang menerima aksi dari verb sedangkan indirect object (IO) yang menerangkan untuk siapa atau apa sesuatu dilakukan oleh action verb. IO ada jika DO ada, dimana diletakkan sebelum DO atau setelah DO dengan preposition to atau for.

      Contoh [bold= DO; italic= IO]:
      The manager gave no choice.
      The manager gave no choice to him.
      The manager gave him no choice.

      Hope this helps. :)

  5. alhamdulillah,trimakasih kak,
    sangat membantu :)

    1. Alhamdulillah, senang mendengarnya Jelita. :)

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