Pengertian dan Contoh Kalimat Subject-Verb Complement Bahasa Inggris

Soal Complement

Pengertian Complement

Complement adalah kata atau kelompok kata yang melengkapi makna dari subject, verb, atau object. Dengan demikian, ada tiga macam complement, yaitu: subject, verb, dan object complement.

Subject Complement

Pengertian Subject Complement

Subject complement adalah noun, pronoun, adjective, atau konstruksi lain (berperan sebagai noun atau adjective) yang mengikuti verbs of being atau linking verb serta berfungsi menerangkan atau merujuk subjek kalimat.

Subject complement dapat dibedakan menjadi predicative adjective (subjek dihubungkan dengan adjective), dan predicate nominative (subjek dihubungkan dengan noun atau pronoun).

Contoh Kalimat Subject Complement

Keterangan:

  • subject complement = bold
  • linking verb = italic
Contoh Kalimat Subject ComplementKeterangan
Mr. Mamat was a great headmaster.
(Mr. Mamat adalah kepala sekolah yang hebat.)
  • headmaster (predicate noun) = menerangkan subjek (Mr. Mamat)
  • a, great = modifier yang menerangkan headmaster
  • a great headmaster = noun phrase
That lady is very beautiful.
(Wanita itu sangat cantik.)
  • beautiful (predicate adjective) = menerangkan subjek (lady)
  • very = modifier yang menerangkan beautiful
  • that lady = noun phrase
These are yours.
(Ini milikmu.)
The noodle tasted delicious.
(Mie tsb terasa lezat.)
  • delicious >(predicate adjective) = menerangkan subjek (noodle)
  • the noodle = noun phrase
My favorite activities are shopping and traveling.
(Aktivitas favoritku adalah belanja dan jalan-jalan.)
  • shopping, traveling (gerund) = menerangkan subjek (activity)
  • my favorite activity = noun phrase
His dream is to win a cooking contest.
(Impiannya adalah menang kontes masak.)
  • to win a cooking contest (infinitive) = menerangkan subjek (dream)
  • his dream = noun phrase

Verb Complement

Verb complement adalah direct object (DO) atau indirect object (IO) dari suatu action verb. Objek-objek tersebut dapat berupa noun, pronoun, atau konstruksi lain yang berakting seperti noun, seperti: gerund, infinitive, dan noun clause.

Contoh Verb Complement [DO= bold; IO= italic]:

Contoh Kalimat Verb ComplementDirect ObjectIndirect Object
My boss paid me two thousand dollars.
(Bosku membayarku dua ribu dollar.)
noun phrasepronoun
I love swimming.
(Aku suka berenang.)
gerund
She wanted to go.
(Dia ingin pergi.)
infinitive
He discovered that creating a website is quite easy.
(Dia mendapati bahwa membuat sebuah website cukup mudah.)
noun clause

Soal Complement

Pages: 1 2

Table of Contents:

  1. Subject dan Verb Complement
  2. Object Complement

Related Posts:

Semoga penjelasan materi complement ini bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.

References:

  1. Predicates, Objects, Complements. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/objects.htm. Accessed on October 13, 2012.
  2. Grammar Handbook: Complements. http://www.cws.illinois.edu/workshop/writers/complements/. Accessed on October 13, 2012.
  3. Diagramming Sentences. http://web.cn.edu/kwheeler/diagram_gram06.html. Accessed on October 13, 2012.
  4. Verb Complements. http://public.wsu.edu/~mejia/Verb_3.htm. Accessed on October 13, 2012.
  5. Subject Complements. http://www.sinclair.edu/centers/tlc/pub/handouts_worksheets/grammar_punctuation_writing/subject_complements.pdf. Accessed on October 13, 2012.
  6. Nouns. http://www.towson.edu/ows/nouns.htm. Accessed on October 13, 2012.
  7. Structural Syntax: The Objective Complement. http://facweb.furman.edu/~wrogers/syntax/oc.htm. Accessed on October 13, 2012.
  8. Module 2 Concepts: Object Complements. http://faculty.unlv.edu/nagelhout/ENG411Bs12C/mod2concept8.html. Accessed on October 13, 2012.
  9. Module 2 Concepts: Pred ADJ and Pred NOM.  http://faculty.unlv.edu/nagelhout/ENG411Bs12C/mod2concept6.html. Accessed on October 13, 2012.

Posted by Wilma Yulia (Ms.)

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14 thoughts on “Pengertian dan Contoh Kalimat Subject-Verb Complement Bahasa Inggris”

  1. Mau tanya s+v2+complemen dari cerita the stingy and the generous apa ya ?

    1. Wilma Yulia says:

      Waduh saya gak tau cerita yang kamu maksud Putrie :(

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