Pengertian dan Contoh Kalimat Prepositional Phrase

Pengertian Prepositional Phrase

Prepositional phrase adalah gabungan antara preposition (kata depan) dan objek-nya (disebut object of preposition) yang dapat berupa noun (phrase), pronoun, atau gerund.

Preposition yang digunakan dapat terdiri dari satu kata (one word preposition) atau gabungan dengan part of speech lain (complex preposition). Part of speech yang digunakan dalam membentuk complex preposition mungkin diposisikan sebelum atau diapit dua preposition.

Contoh Prepositional Phrase:

PrepositionObject of PrepositionContoh Prepositional Phrase
One WordComplexNoun (Phrase)PronounGerund (Phrase)
atworkat work
betweenusbetween us
aboutwalking for healthby walking
inthe waiting roomin the waiting room
in front ofguestsin front of guests
because ofyoubecause of you
together withmy parentstogether with my parents

Fungsi Prepositional Phrase: Adjective atau Adverb

Prepositional phrase dapat berfungsi sebagai adjective yang menerangkan noun atau pronoun (disebut adjectival prepositional phrase); atau sebagai adverb yang menerangkan verb, adjective, atau adverb lain (disebut adverbial prepositional phrase) yang berada di dalam suatu kalimat.

Contoh Kalimat Adjectival dan Adverbial Prepositional Phrase:

MacamContoh Kalimat Prepositional Phrase
Adjectival Prepositional PhraseThe car in front of me ran the red light.
(Mobil di depan saya menerobos lampu merah.) Prepositional phrase menerangkan noun “car” dan mengatakan “which man”.
Adverbial Prepositional PhraseShe is still sitting in the waiting room.
(Dia masih duduk di ruang tunggu.) Prepositional phrase menerangkan verb “is sitting” dan menjawab pertanyaan “Where is she sitting?”

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Table of Contents:

  1. Prepositional Phrase
  2. Adverbial Prepositional Phrase
  3. Adjectival Prepositional Phrase

Related Posts:

Semoga penjelasan materi prepositional phrase ini bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.


  1. What is a Preposition? Accessed on October 14, 2013.
  2. The Garden of Phrases. Accessed on October 14, 2013.
  3. Prepositions. Accessed on October 14, 2013.
  4. The Prepositional Phrase. Accessed on October 14, 2013.

Posted by Wilma Yulia (Ms.)

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