Pengertian dan Contoh Kalimat Participial Phrase

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Pengertian Participial Phrase

Participial phrase adalah kombinasi antara participle dengan modifier dan/atau complement.

Participle phrase digunakan pada adjective clause dan adverbial clause yang direduksi. Pada reduksi adjective clause, participle digunakan menggantikan relative pronoun dan verb yang direduksi. Present participle digunakan pada reduksi adjective clause active voice, sedangkan past participle pada passive voice. Sedangkan pada reduksi adverbial clause, subject, verb, dan/tanpa conjunction dapat digantikan dengan participle jika subject pada adverbial clause dan independent clause sama.

Contoh Kalimat Participial Phrase:

Contoh ClauseContoh Kalimat Participial Phrase
Adjective Clause: Active VoiceThe athlete who is carrying the ball is Miroslav Klose.
(Atlit yang sedang membaca bola adalah Miroslav Klose.)
The athlete carrying the ball is Miroslav Klose. menerangkan athlete
The boy who is playing basketball is my brother.
(Anak laki-laki yang sedang bermain basket adalah saudaraku.)
The boy playing basketball is my brother. menerangkan boy
Adjective Clause: Passive VoiceThe car which is being parked there is his.
(Mobil yang sedang diparkir disana miliknya.)
The car being parked there ishis. menerangkan car
The math problem which has been solved by the class is very difficult.
(Soal matematika yang telah diselesaikan oleh kelas tersebut sangatsulit.)
The math problem solved by the class is very difficult. menerangkan math problem
Adverbial ClauseBecause she was learning Math, she turned off the TV.
(Karena dia sedang belajar matematika, dia mematikan TV.)
Learning Math, she turned off the TV. cause & effect (sebab akibat)
Although he was tired, he refused to reschedule the meeting.
(Meskipun dia lelah, dia menolak untuk menjadwalkan kembali pertemuantersebut.)
Being tired, he refused to reschedule the meeting. contrast (pertentangan)

Posisi dan Tanda Baca

Participle atau participial phrase harus diletakkan dekat dengan noun yang diterangkan, baik di depan maupun di belakang kata benda tersebut. Jika participial phrase berada di awal kalimat, comma (koma) harus ditambahkan setelahnya.

participial phraseContoh Participial Phrase di Awal Kalimat:

Working in my room, I didn’t let someone else to disturb. (Bekerja di ruanganku, Aku tidak membiarkan orang lain menggangu.)

Jika participial phrase berada di tengah kalimat, maka harus diapit oleh comma (,) jika informasi yang dibawanya bersifat non-restrictive/non-defining/non-essential. Artinya, informasi tambahan yang dibawa oleh frasa tersebut bersifat tidak penting dan dapat dihilangkan.

Contoh Non-Restrictive Participial Phrase:

The table, made of marble, has been repaired. (Meja tersebut, terbuat dari marmer, telah diperbaiki)

Namun jika informasi yang dibawa participial phrase bersifat restrictive, maka koma tidak digunakan. Karena jika dihilangkan, noun yang diterangkan menjadi terlalu general sehingga maksud kalimat sebenarnya tidak tersampaikan.

Contoh Restrictive Participial Phrase:

Cats living in the wild may rarely get sick. (Kucing-kucing yang hidup di alam liar mungkin jarang sakit.)

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Table of Contents:

  1. Participle
  2. Present Participle
  3. Past Participle
  4. Participial Phrase
  5. Participial Adjective

Related Posts:

Semoga penjelasan materi participial phrase ini bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.

References:

  1. The Participial Phrase. http://www.sinclair.edu/centers/tlc/pub/handouts_worksheets/grammar_punctuation_writing/phrase_participial.pdf. Accessed on November 9, 2012.
  2. The Garden Of Phrases. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/phrases.htm. Accessed on November 9, 2012.
  3. Participles. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/627/02/. Accessed on November 10, 2012.
  4. Participial Phrases. http://www.mit.edu/course/21/21.guide/ph-part.htm. Accessed on November 9, 2012.
  5. Verbals. http://www.towson.edu/ows/verbals.html. Accessed on November 10, 2012.
  6. Comma. http://www.towson.edu/ows/comma.htm#nonessential_adj_clause-phrase. Accessed on November 9, 2012.
  7. Participle Phrases (as reduced relative clauses?). http://www.csun.edu/~bashforth/305_PDF/305_PDF_Grammar/ParticiplePhrasesAsReducedARelatives.pdf. Accessed on November 9, 2012.
  8. Relative Clauses. http://writingcenter.unc.edu/handouts/relative-clauses/. Accessed on November 9, 2012.
  9. Adverbial Clauses. http://fd.valenciacollege.edu/file/jbritton/Reducing%20Adverbial%20Clauses.pptx. Accessed on April 3, 2013.

Posted by Wilma Yulia

5 thoughts on “Pengertian dan Contoh Kalimat Participial Phrase”

  1. Bambang Suroso says:

    I think your example :
    Being learnt Math, she turned off the TV. cause& effect (sebab akibat)
    needs to be corrected, because being learnt shows passivity which means karena dipelajari. The sentence means she turned off the TV, because she was (being) learned math. I think it should be
    Learning math, she turned off the TV.
    What do you think?

    1. Yes, you are absolutely right.. It seemed I was sleepy..no synchronization between the adverbial clause and the participial phrase :(
      I’m sorry for the silly mistake. It’s has been revised..thank you for your correction Bambang :)

  2. desdedi k hia says:

    “Thats good”

    1. Thanks Desdedi :)

  3. Kahartadi says:

    it’s very complete. i use this material as my script. hepful for me. thank u. .

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