Pengertian dan Contoh Kalimat Interrogative Pronouns

Pengertian Interrogative Pronoun

Interrogative pronoun adalah pronoun (kata ganti) yang digunakan untuk mengajukan pertanyaan. Kata ganti ini meliputi who, whom, which, whose, what, dan that serta pronouns dengan suffix -ever: whoever, whomever, whichever, dan whatever. Bentuknya yang serupa dengan yang digunakan pada relative clauseInterrogative pronoun dengan suffix -ever sering digunakan untuk memberi penekanan: ekspresi kebingungan atau keterkejutan.

Contoh Kalimat Interrogative Pronoun

Contoh kalimat interrogative pronoun beserta penjelasan singkatnya adalah sebagai berikut.

PronounFungsiContoh Kalimat Interrogative Pronoun
who 
(siapa)
whoever
(untuk memberi penekanan: bingung atau terkejut)
sebagai kata ganti orang.Who moved my stuff?
(who=subject kalimat)
Who is that man?
Whoever arranged the beautiful decoration?
what 
(apa)
whatever
(untuk memberi penekanan: bingung atau terkejut)
sebagai kata ganti benda atau binatang.What should I do?
(what=direct object dari verb=do)
What‘s on your mind?
Whatever will he do without her?
which 
(yang mana)
whichever 
(untuk memberi penekanan: bingung atau terkejut)
sebagai kata ganti benda, binatang, atau kadang-kadang orang;
which lebih spesifik dari what
Which is better for my PC?
(which=subject kalimat)
Which did you take?
Whichever do you prefer between this very expensive shoes?
whose 
(punya siapa/milik siapa)
untuk menanyakan kepemilikan.Whose has lost? Hers has lost.
Whose did he use? He used mine
whom (dengan/untuk/kepada siapa)
whomever (dengan/untuk/kepada siapapun)
untuk menanyakan orang sebagai objek.To whom did you send the letter?
(whom=object of the prepostion “to”)
Whom should I call?
(whom=object of verb “call”)
With whom did you spend the weekend?
(whom=object of the prepostion “with”)
From whom did she get the book?
(whom=object of the prepostion “from”)
Whomever will you give the weird t-shirt?

interrogative pronounInterrogative Pronoun dan Interrogative Adjective

Interrogative pronoun memiliki bentuk yang serupa dengan interrogative adjective namun digunakan berbeda pada kalimat. Interrogative pronoun dapat berdiri sendiri sebagai subject, sedangkan sebagai interrogative adjective menerangkan noun yang mengikutinya.

Contoh Kalimat Interrogative Pronoun dan Adjective:

Contoh Kalimat Interrogative PronounContoh Kalimat Interrogative Adjective
Whose is parked in front of the door?
(whose sebagai subject)
Whose motorcycle is parked in front of the door?
(whose menerangkan motorcycle)
Whose is made of stone?
(whose sebagai subject)
Whose house is made of stone?
(whose menerangkan house)

Related Posts:

Semoga penjelasan materi interrogative pronoun ini bermanfaat dan mohon maaf jika ada kekurangan.

References:

  1. What is a Pronoun? http://www.uottawa.ca/academic/arts/writcent/hypergrammar/pronouns.html. Accessed on April 3, 2014.
  2. Interrogative Pronouns. http://www.englishclub.com/grammar/pronouns-interrogative.htm. Accessed on April 3, 2014.
  3. Pronouns. http://www.factmonster.com/ipka/A0885483.html. Accessed on April 3, 2014.

Posted by Wilma Yulia

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>